Threads, page 2.

Annual Red, White, Blue Patriotic Sale

$7.25 a yard.  Precut FQ = $1.80 each, 20% off bundles

Anything red, white or blue alone, or in combination

NOT ON SALE is Christmas fabric, Kaffe Fassett fabric, sateen solids or widebacks.

We will be CLOSED on Memorial Day, Monday, May 30.

Thread Terminology:

Thread is made by spinning staple fibers into one long strand or cord.  A strand is called a "ply."  Two or more of the strands are twisted together to make the thread, for a 2-ply or a 3-ply.  When the strands are twisted, they are twisted clockwise.  This is supposed to give a better performing thread during sewing.
     A longer staple fiber used to spin the strand makes a stronger and higher quality thread.
     Cotton staple fibers vary in length from 1 to 2 inches.  I remember when shopping for bed sheets, my mother always looked for "pima" cotton because she said it was the best.  Turns out that USA grown pima staple fibers are the longest at about 1 and 1/2 inches.  Egyptian cotton staple fibers are about 1 and 1/4 inchest long.

Synthetic fibers are cut into lengths of 4-5 inches, then are spun together to form the thread.  Synthetic material can also be extruded; that is, pushed or forced out through small holes to form one continuous filament or strand.  When polyester, rayon, or nylon is made this way, it is called a "monofilament thread."

If the thread is extruded through a hole shaped in a triangle instead of a round hole, it makes a "trilobal" polyester strand.  The irregular sides help to catch and reflect light to add character to your quilting or embroidery.  Sometimes 2 of the trilobal strands are twisted together (2-ply).  Trilobal polyester threads may be used for  machine embroidery instead of rayon threads.  Advantages over rayon thread are:
     1.  the poly thread is colorfast and will not bleed
     2.  the poly thread has stretch and won't break as easily
     3.  the poly thread is stronger than rayon

To add texture to synthetic thread, after extruding, the strands can be crimped when twisting together 2 or more filaments.  This makes "wooly" nylon thread used in a serger.  The crimping adds bulk and creates elasticity.  Cut off a strand of wooly nylon and pull it.- you will see it has quite a bit of stretch.  The bulk created by crimping helps to cover the fabric edge when making a rolled hem in a serger.  If you are using the thread on a product that will be washed frequently (like napkins), the caveat is the bulk from wooly nylon can snag and pill so your rolled hem edge doesn't look so neat after several washings.

Regular serger thread is extruded in round holes and not crimped.  It is sold on tubes or cones of 1,000 or 3,000 or 6,000 yards.  It is a finer strand than all purpose thread and has a special finish for high speed sewing.  Generally it is a 2-ply thread but may also be a 3-ply.  It is usually polyester but can also be cotton.  The polyester 2-ply (50 weight) is my favorite thread for sewing because it does not bulk up the seam and it is strong with some stretch which is perfect for making t-shirt quilts and memory quilts from clothing.

Ella Miller Toy for Alma Sue's Quilts
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